Archaeologists excavating an Iron Age settlement in Spain have been stunned to find a surviving fragment of an Egyptian goddess.
Round 2,700 years in the past, Cerro de San Vicente was a walled settlement located in modern-day Salamanca in north-west central Spain. It has been an archaeological website since 1990 and extra not too long ago a vacationer attraction.
The discovered artifact was as soon as one in every of many items that match collectively to make a glazed ceramic inlay portrait of Hathor, a strong goddess and protector of ladies who was additionally daughter of the solar god Ra and mom of Horus, the falcon-headed god.
Adorned with gold leaf, it reveals a section of the goddess’s trademark curly hair. This technique of inventive manufacturing, not dissimilar to a jigsaw puzzle, is typical of historic Egypt. The items have been stored in place with glue, and the unearthed fragment is at the moment being examined by a lab in an try to find out what sort of resin was used.
It’s the newest in a string of recent finds on the website, together with jewellery and ceramics adorned with Egyptian motifs. One other portrait of Hathor, this time a blue quartz amulet, was discovered by the analysis crew in the summertime of 2021. It was made in historic Egypt and reached the Iberian Peninsula in round 1,000 B.C.
Collectively, these objects elevate questions concerning the historical past of the area.
“It’s a really shocking website,” the archaeologist Carlos Macarro informed El Paīs. “Why did the inhabitants of an Iron Age settlement have Egyptian artifacts? Did they undertake their rites? I can think about Phoenicians coming into the hilltop settlement carrying these objects, carrying their brightly coloured clothes. What would these two peoples have made from one another? It’s very thrilling to consider.”
Macarro is engaged on the dig with fellow archaeologist Cristina Alario and in collaboration with Antonio Blanco and Juan Jesús Padilla, each professors of prehistory on the College of Salamanca.
Comply with Artnet Information on Fb:
Wish to keep forward of the artwork world? Subscribe to our publication to get the breaking information, eye-opening interviews, and incisive vital takes that drive the dialog ahead.