In Italy, rivers and lakes dried up over the summer time. Giant sections of the nation’s longest river, the River Po, ran utterly dry, forcing officers in July to declare a state of emergency in 5 northern areas.
Lake Garda, Italy’s largest lake, additionally shrank to near-historic lows over the summer time. Water from the lake was diverted to native rivers to assist farmers throughout the parched north of the nation, leaving Lake Garda 12.6 inches above the water desk, which approached the bottom ranges recorded in 2003 and 2007.
Waterways elsewhere in Europe had been equally impacted by drought and excessive warmth. In August, Serbia’s Danube River shrank to one in every of its lowest ranges in nearly a century. The Loire River in France additionally fell to traditionally low ranges over the summer time amid document drought within the nation.
Elements of North America, such because the western United States, remained within the grips of extreme drought this 12 months. Dry situations fueled harmful wildfires in Arizona, Colorado, California, Oregon and Washington state.
A examine printed in February within the journal Nature Local weather Change discovered that ongoing “megadrought” situations within the southwestern U.S., which have continued for the previous 22 years, are the worst since a minimum of 800 A.D.